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《对<红高粱>几个象征手法的解读》译文

电影中文名

红高粱

2008-04-05 16:17

何无鱼

何无鱼

想看 - 评分7.9

 高粱》差不多是由两部电影组成的:第一部分是轻松滑稽的,而第二部分(从日本侵华开始)则充满了恐怖、死亡和悲伤。电影里有许多象征手法的运用,那些喜欢中国文化和历史的人可能会很享受这部电影。 《红高粱》是一部出色的电影,它的画面漂亮。色彩鲜艳。当我坐下来观赏它时,我被银幕上Jackson Pollock画作那般飞溅的红色和影片中数字的回响所吸引。
我开始尝试去分析那些象征手法,但因为缺少感受东方文化固有涵义的底蕴,我只能磕磕绊绊说出我的一些看法,不过我会尽我最大的努力对那些显著的地方给出最合理的解释。红色,幸运的颜色,因为常用作结婚喜服和红包,而在《红高粱》中,红色不是像我印象中那样被呈现出来的。从巩俐身上穿的喜服到天上的太阳,从被打破的酒缸里流出的红高粱酒到血管里流出的鲜红血液,各种形式的红色充溢着银幕的每一寸。在电影里,红色有多种可能的解释,仅将它视作幸运的象征显然太轻率了,因为这个意义并不适用于电影里的每个场景。而且,红色经常被用来代表生命力:血液是红色的,酒的成色,太阳的光线以及喜服下包裹的女人的身体这些也都是红色的。整个第一部分就是对生命的礼赞,洋溢着生命本质的精神和激情。而影片的第二部分则被日本的侵略和由此带来的暴力所占据。在电影的那个结尾,在一场日全食中,画面被整个投射成红色。这样,红色就构成了前后两个部分的对比,繁盛的生命场面与一片空白,这种对比带给观众一种巨大的落差。但是我对这个结局还有另一种看法,即日本国旗上的红太阳被中国共产党的红旗所取代。很难说清楚电影这个安排的确切寓意,我也没有找到更合适的解释。另一个普遍适用的象征手法是数字“九”。因为读音相近,“九”被象征性地与“久”联系在一起。女主角的名字是“九儿”,她出嫁那年十“九”岁,到青纱口有“99”里路,还有就是高粱酒在“九月初九”出窖,这一天也是九儿的生日,九儿给新出的酒起的名字是“十八里红”(九加九或一加八得九),而酒本身也和“九”读音相同。最主要的是电影的这个故事开始到日本入侵正好“九”年。其中想必包涵着“九”这个数字传统意义之外的东西。从表面上,可以简单将“九”解读成一种充满爱国热忱的描绘:即使在苦难中,中国文明也将生生不息。但我不知道“九”更本质的涵义,我也没发现有谁对此进行过探讨。而我自己如果尝试超越“九”传统涵义对电影进行解释都会让我看起来像一个没有足够东方文化修养的西方人。电影中有一个象征手法的运用的意义在我看来倒是非常清楚的,就是日本鬼子对剧中两个人物三炮和罗汉执行死刑的场景。三炮被用来象征国民党:临死前他不是咒骂日本鬼子而是咒骂奉命剥他皮的中国屠夫。三炮被描绘成一个欺软怕硬的恶棍,在日本人面前懦弱无能却在中国人前作威作福。另一方面,罗汉则象征着共产党,他表现的非常勇敢,电影的旁白说他在临刑时不停咒骂日本鬼子直至气绝。这些只是电影《红高粱》里运用到的一些象征手法,当然电影里还有更多,我仅仅是隔靴搔痒得到一些皮毛,也许只有电影的作者才知道所有的象征涵义,也许有一天我能去亲自问问他们……原文:

Red Sorghum is almost two movies in one. The first half is comical and fun-spirited, while the second half (once the Japanese attack China) is full of horror, death, and sadness. There is a lot of symbolism and historical commentary in the movie, and anyone who appreciates Chinese culture and history will probably enjoy the movie.

Red Sorghum is an outstanding movie that is filled with beautiful imagery and lush colors. As I sat watching it, I found myself noticing the red splashes displayed about the screen like a Jackson Pollock painting and hearing the reverberation of numbers. I began to attempt to analyze the symbolism, but lacking the Chinese or Eastern background needed to "feel" the innate meaning, I stumbled over my own thoughts. Nonetheless, I will at least give note to the things that stood out and try my best to give my own impression about what they might mean.

Red, which is the color of luck, and, consequently, the most common color for wedding gowns and gift wrapping, is photographed in Red Sorghum like no other in my memory. From the red gown that graces Gong Li's body to the sun above and from the wine that flows from fired pots to the blood that runs from opened veins, hues of red permeate every inch of the screen. There are many possibilities for the meaning in the movie. It would be too simplistic to say that it means luck, because it just does not fit every circumstance in the movie. More than that, it most often seems to signify the life giving force. Blood is red, as is the nourishment of the wine, the color of the sun's rays upon the land, the sensuousness of the silk wedding gown, etc. The entire first half of the film are celebrations of life and it is filled with basic essences of the spirit and passion. But the second half of the movie is dominated by the Japanese invasion and violence of attack and retribution. The very end of the movie is entirely cast in red during a solar eclipse. Thus, red could be used to contrast the celebratory nature of living with the emptiness felt after a great loss. But I also thought that the ending was possibly just showing the eclipse of the red sun of the Japanese flag and replaced by the piercing red of the Chinese Communist Party. It is hard to say exactly, and I was unable to find any commentary on the use of color specifically.

Another very prevalent use of symbolism was the number nine. Nine is typically associated with longevity, since the two words sound identical. The heroine's name was nine and she was the ninth child, there were 9990 li on the road to Qingshakou, additionally the wine was prepared and blessed on the 9th of September, which was also Nine's birthday. The wine was called "18 Mile Red" [which is two nines together or the one added to eight is nine] and wine itself is pronounced the same as the number nine. On top of all that, the Japanese invaded nine years after the beginning of the story. This screamed to be analyzed much beyond the traditional meaning associated with the number. This could simply be a patriotic depiction of how the Chinese civilization will go on forever, even in the face of adversity; but the root meaning is still unknown to me. I am unable to find any commentary discussing this topic. Additionally, any attempt to change the traditional meaning to fit the circumstances of the movie would be a stretch being that I'm Western and I lack the full cultural awareness necessary to fully understand such subtleties.

One use of symbolism which did seem evident to me was the use of the Japanese execution of two characters in the story, San Pao and Liu Louhan. San Pao was used to symbolize the KMT, since rather than cursing the Japanese, he instead cursed the Chinese butcher ordered to flay him. San Pao was portrayed as a weak spirited villain who cowered from the Japanese and spat on the face of the Chinese butcher. Liu Louhan, on the other hand, symbolized the CCP and was shown to be very brave. He cursed the Japanese until his last breath, the movie says.
These are just a few of the uses of symbolism in the movie Red Sorghum. There are certainly more. However, I have barely scratched the surface of the meanings of these alone. Perhaps only the filmmakers know the symbols full extent and meaning. Maybe one day I may be able to ask them...  

(PS:原文标题已佚《对<红高粱>几个象征手法的解读》是我后加的,对于原文,我一方面欣赏它解读电影的角度,从中受到一些启发,比如它对红色的解读,是我不曾注意到的;另一方面,我对它所持的某些观点不敢苟同,尤其是它对三炮和罗汉的对比我完全不能同意。在翻译时,在很多地方我基于自己的表达习惯篡改了原文)

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